How to Write Research Paper Conclusions: Common Struggles and Solutions

Your conclusion is intended to tie together the different parts of your paper which you covered in the body of the text. It is also designed to make comments upon what the great meaning of your work really is. This might include noting how your results relate to the bigger picture or where future research needs to be conducted.

Your conclusion should:

  • Serve as a logical ending to your paper
  • Pull together each part of your argument and then bring your reader back to the focus of your paper (the central theme)
  • Provide your essay with a final sense of unity
  • Never produce new information not previously covered in the paper
  • Be limited to one paragraph in length save for longer papers wherein it should amount to roughly 10% of the total page length
  • Add to the quality and the final impact that your paper has
  • Be the final statement about your topic

Your conclusion should not:

  • Only sum up your paper
  • End with a very long quote instead of your original words
  • Focus on a minor point within your paper
  • Introduce anything new

Your conclusion can include the following components:

  • A summary of the evidence and arguments that you made in your body and how those arguments relate to your thesis
  • A restatement of the thesis in light of the evidence that you provided in the body of your essay
  • What impact your findings have on the greater subject matter or what things could occur as a result of your thesis

The same as your introduction you want the conclusion to follow a simple structure. You should open with a sentence referring to the main subject (thesis). This sentence should of course double as a topic sentence that transitions away from the preceding paragraph. The conclusion needs to open with words that signal to the reader that they have reached your final input on the subject. After this you can offer a summary of your argument and what main factors or reasons you addressed in your paper that relate to the argument. Include how you responded to each within your body. Finally add a sentence that reinforces your thesis. Show the reader what you did in your essay and provide the reader with a sense of unity. You can also add what future actions should be taken or what else should be done. Avoid using quotes in the conclusion or referring to another source.